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Marco Ferrari

2007

Post Placement affects survival of endodontically treated premolars

Objective

To assess whether the amount of residual coronal dentin and the placement of a fiber post (D. T. Light-Post; RTD, St Egrève, France) or EverStick Post (Stick Tech, Turku, Finland) have a significant influence on the three-year survival of restored pulpless premolars.

Methods

A sample of 345 patients provided 6 cohorts of 60 premolars in need of endodontic treatment. Cohorts were defined based on the amount of dentin left at the coronal level after endodontic treatment and before abutment build-up. Within each cohort teeth were randomly divided into three Subgroups (n=20). In Subgroup A no endocanalar retention was provided for the coronal restoration. In Subgroups B and C a fiber post (RTD) and Stick Tech fibers (ST) respectively were placed inside the root canal. All the teeth were covered with porcelain fused to metal crowns.

Results

Data were not affected by any loss to follow-up. The overall 36-month survival rate of crowned endodontically treated premolars was 76.70%. The lowest survival rate was recorded for teeth restored without any endocanalar retention (62.5%). Teeth restored with RTD had a survival rate higher (90.9%) than those restored with ST (76.7%). The Cox regression analysis showed that the presence of an endocanalar retention was a significant factor for survival (p<0.05). The decrease in failure risk was higher in teeth restored with RTD than when using ST. Teeth retaining one, two, or three coronal walls had a significantly lower failure risk than teeth deprived even of the ferrule effect. Similar failure risks existed for teeth missing all the coronal walls regardless of the presence or absence of a ferrule effect. Interaction terms were not significant (p>0.05).

Conclusion

Post placement and the amount of residual coronal dentin affect the 3-year survival of endodontically treated premolars.